C source code for AES

Here is a public domain implementation of AES written in C. This should compile in most standard compilers.

This is free and unencumbered software released into the public domain.

Aes.h

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  CryptLib_Aes
//
//  Implementation of AES block cipher. Originally written by Kokke
//  (https://github.com/kokke). Modified by WaterJuice retaining Public Domain
//  license.
//
//  AES is a block cipher that operates on 128 bit blocks. Encryption and
//  Decryption routines use an AesContext which must be initialised with the key
//  An AesContext can be initialised with a 128, 192, or 256 bit key. Use the
//  AesInitialise[n] functions to initialise the context with the key. Once an
//  AES context is initialised its contents are not changed by the encrypting
//  and decrypting functions. A context only needs to be initialised once for
//  any given key and the context may be used by the encrypt/decrypt functions
//  in simultaneous threads. All operations are performed byte wise and this
//  implementation works in both little and endian processors. There are no
//  alignment requirements with the keys and data blocks.
//
//  This is free and unencumbered software released into the public domain
//  November 2017 waterjuice.org
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

#pragma once

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  IMPORTS
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

#include 

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  TYPES
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

#define AES_KEY_SIZE_128        16
#define AES_KEY_SIZE_192        24
#define AES_KEY_SIZE_256        32
#define AES_BLOCK_SIZE          16

// AesContext - This must be initialised using AesInitialise128, 
// AesInitialise192 or AesInitialise256. Do not modify the contents of this
// structure directly.
typedef struct
{
    uint32_t    KeySizeInWords;
    uint32_t    NumberOfRounds;
    uint8_t     RoundKey[240];
} AesContext;

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  PUBLIC FUNCTIONS
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  AesInitialise128
//
//  Initialises an AesContext with a 128 bit key.
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
void
    AesInitialise128
    (
        uint8_t const   Key [AES_KEY_SIZE_128],         // [in]
        AesContext*     Context                         // [out]
    );

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  AesInitialise192
//
//  Initialises an AesContext with a 192 bit key.
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
void
    AesInitialise192
    (
        uint8_t const   Key [AES_KEY_SIZE_192],         // [in]
        AesContext*     Context                         // [out]
    );

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  AesInitialise256
//
//  Initialises an AesContext with a 256 bit key.
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
void
    AesInitialise256
    (
        uint8_t const   Key [AES_KEY_SIZE_256],         // [in]
        AesContext*     Context                         // [out]
    );

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  AesEncrypt
//
//  Performs an AES encryption of one block (128 bits) with the AesContext
//  initialised with one of the functions AesInitialise[n]. Input and Output can
//  point to same memory location, however it is more efficient to use
//  AesEncryptInPlace in this situation.
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
void
    AesEncrypt
    (
        AesContext const*   Context,                    // [in]
        uint8_t const       Input [AES_BLOCK_SIZE],     // [in]
        uint8_t             Output [AES_BLOCK_SIZE]     // [out]
    );

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  AesDecrypt
//
//  Performs an AES decryption of one block (128 bits) with the AesContext 
//  initialised with one of the functions AesInitialise[n]. Input and Output can 
//  point to same memory location, however it is more efficient to use
//  AesDecryptInPlace in this situation.
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
void
    AesDecrypt
    (
        AesContext const*   Context,                    // [in]
        uint8_t const       Input [AES_BLOCK_SIZE],     // [in]
        uint8_t             Output [AES_BLOCK_SIZE]     // [out]
    );

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  AesEncryptInPlace
//
//  Performs an AES encryption of one block (128 bits) with the AesContext
//  initialised with one of the functions AesInitialise[n]. The encryption is
//  performed in place.
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
void
    AesEncryptInPlace
    (
        AesContext const*   Context,                    // [in]
        uint8_t             Block [AES_BLOCK_SIZE]      // [in out]
    );

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  AesDecryptInPlace
//
//  Performs an AES decryption of one block (128 bits) with the AesContext
//  initialised with one of the functions AesInitialise[n]. The decryption is
//  performed in place.
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
void
    AesDecryptInPlace
    (
        AesContext const*   Context,                    // [in]
        uint8_t             Block [AES_BLOCK_SIZE]      // [in out]
    );

Aes.c

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  CryptLib_Aes
//
//  Implementation of AES block cipher. Originally written by Kokke
//  (https://github.com/kokke). Modified by WaterJuice retaining Public Domain
//  license.
//
//  This is free and unencumbered software released into the public domain
//  November 2017 waterjuice.org
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  IMPORTS
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

#include "CryptLib_Aes.h"
#include 
#include 

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  DEFINES
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

// Array holding the intermediate results during decryption.
typedef struct
{
    uint8_t     state[4][4];
} AesState;

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  CONSTANTS
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

// AES lookup values
static const uint8_t SBOX[256] =
{
    0x63, 0x7c, 0x77, 0x7b, 0xf2, 0x6b, 0x6f, 0xc5, 0x30, 0x01, 0x67, 0x2b,
    0xfe, 0xd7, 0xab, 0x76, 0xca, 0x82, 0xc9, 0x7d, 0xfa, 0x59, 0x47, 0xf0,
    0xad, 0xd4, 0xa2, 0xaf, 0x9c, 0xa4, 0x72, 0xc0, 0xb7, 0xfd, 0x93, 0x26,
    0x36, 0x3f, 0xf7, 0xcc, 0x34, 0xa5, 0xe5, 0xf1, 0x71, 0xd8, 0x31, 0x15,
    0x04, 0xc7, 0x23, 0xc3, 0x18, 0x96, 0x05, 0x9a, 0x07, 0x12, 0x80, 0xe2,
    0xeb, 0x27, 0xb2, 0x75, 0x09, 0x83, 0x2c, 0x1a, 0x1b, 0x6e, 0x5a, 0xa0,
    0x52, 0x3b, 0xd6, 0xb3, 0x29, 0xe3, 0x2f, 0x84, 0x53, 0xd1, 0x00, 0xed,
    0x20, 0xfc, 0xb1, 0x5b, 0x6a, 0xcb, 0xbe, 0x39, 0x4a, 0x4c, 0x58, 0xcf,
    0xd0, 0xef, 0xaa, 0xfb, 0x43, 0x4d, 0x33, 0x85, 0x45, 0xf9, 0x02, 0x7f,
    0x50, 0x3c, 0x9f, 0xa8, 0x51, 0xa3, 0x40, 0x8f, 0x92, 0x9d, 0x38, 0xf5,
    0xbc, 0xb6, 0xda, 0x21, 0x10, 0xff, 0xf3, 0xd2, 0xcd, 0x0c, 0x13, 0xec,
    0x5f, 0x97, 0x44, 0x17, 0xc4, 0xa7, 0x7e, 0x3d, 0x64, 0x5d, 0x19, 0x73,
    0x60, 0x81, 0x4f, 0xdc, 0x22, 0x2a, 0x90, 0x88, 0x46, 0xee, 0xb8, 0x14,
    0xde, 0x5e, 0x0b, 0xdb, 0xe0, 0x32, 0x3a, 0x0a, 0x49, 0x06, 0x24, 0x5c,
    0xc2, 0xd3, 0xac, 0x62, 0x91, 0x95, 0xe4, 0x79, 0xe7, 0xc8, 0x37, 0x6d,
    0x8d, 0xd5, 0x4e, 0xa9, 0x6c, 0x56, 0xf4, 0xea, 0x65, 0x7a, 0xae, 0x08,
    0xba, 0x78, 0x25, 0x2e, 0x1c, 0xa6, 0xb4, 0xc6, 0xe8, 0xdd, 0x74, 0x1f,
    0x4b, 0xbd, 0x8b, 0x8a, 0x70, 0x3e, 0xb5, 0x66, 0x48, 0x03, 0xf6, 0x0e,
    0x61, 0x35, 0x57, 0xb9, 0x86, 0xc1, 0x1d, 0x9e, 0xe1, 0xf8, 0x98, 0x11,
    0x69, 0xd9, 0x8e, 0x94, 0x9b, 0x1e, 0x87, 0xe9, 0xce, 0x55, 0x28, 0xdf,
    0x8c, 0xa1, 0x89, 0x0d, 0xbf, 0xe6, 0x42, 0x68, 0x41, 0x99, 0x2d, 0x0f,
    0xb0, 0x54, 0xbb, 0x16
};

static const uint8_t RSBOX[256] =
{
    0x52, 0x09, 0x6a, 0xd5, 0x30, 0x36, 0xa5, 0x38, 0xbf, 0x40, 0xa3, 0x9e,
    0x81, 0xf3, 0xd7, 0xfb, 0x7c, 0xe3, 0x39, 0x82, 0x9b, 0x2f, 0xff, 0x87,
    0x34, 0x8e, 0x43, 0x44, 0xc4, 0xde, 0xe9, 0xcb, 0x54, 0x7b, 0x94, 0x32,
    0xa6, 0xc2, 0x23, 0x3d, 0xee, 0x4c, 0x95, 0x0b, 0x42, 0xfa, 0xc3, 0x4e,
    0x08, 0x2e, 0xa1, 0x66, 0x28, 0xd9, 0x24, 0xb2, 0x76, 0x5b, 0xa2, 0x49,
    0x6d, 0x8b, 0xd1, 0x25, 0x72, 0xf8, 0xf6, 0x64, 0x86, 0x68, 0x98, 0x16,
    0xd4, 0xa4, 0x5c, 0xcc, 0x5d, 0x65, 0xb6, 0x92, 0x6c, 0x70, 0x48, 0x50,
    0xfd, 0xed, 0xb9, 0xda, 0x5e, 0x15, 0x46, 0x57, 0xa7, 0x8d, 0x9d, 0x84,
    0x90, 0xd8, 0xab, 0x00, 0x8c, 0xbc, 0xd3, 0x0a, 0xf7, 0xe4, 0x58, 0x05,
    0xb8, 0xb3, 0x45, 0x06, 0xd0, 0x2c, 0x1e, 0x8f, 0xca, 0x3f, 0x0f, 0x02,
    0xc1, 0xaf, 0xbd, 0x03, 0x01, 0x13, 0x8a, 0x6b, 0x3a, 0x91, 0x11, 0x41,
    0x4f, 0x67, 0xdc, 0xea, 0x97, 0xf2, 0xcf, 0xce, 0xf0, 0xb4, 0xe6, 0x73,
    0x96, 0xac, 0x74, 0x22, 0xe7, 0xad, 0x35, 0x85, 0xe2, 0xf9, 0x37, 0xe8,
    0x1c, 0x75, 0xdf, 0x6e, 0x47, 0xf1, 0x1a, 0x71, 0x1d, 0x29, 0xc5, 0x89,
    0x6f, 0xb7, 0x62, 0x0e, 0xaa, 0x18, 0xbe, 0x1b, 0xfc, 0x56, 0x3e, 0x4b,
    0xc6, 0xd2, 0x79, 0x20, 0x9a, 0xdb, 0xc0, 0xfe, 0x78, 0xcd, 0x5a, 0xf4,
    0x1f, 0xdd, 0xa8, 0x33, 0x88, 0x07, 0xc7, 0x31, 0xb1, 0x12, 0x10, 0x59,
    0x27, 0x80, 0xec, 0x5f, 0x60, 0x51, 0x7f, 0xa9, 0x19, 0xb5, 0x4a, 0x0d,
    0x2d, 0xe5, 0x7a, 0x9f, 0x93, 0xc9, 0x9c, 0xef, 0xa0, 0xe0, 0x3b, 0x4d,
    0xae, 0x2a, 0xf5, 0xb0, 0xc8, 0xeb, 0xbb, 0x3c, 0x83, 0x53, 0x99, 0x61,
    0x17, 0x2b, 0x04, 0x7e, 0xba, 0x77, 0xd6, 0x26, 0xe1, 0x69, 0x14, 0x63,
    0x55, 0x21, 0x0c, 0x7d };

// The round constant word array, RCON[i], contains the values given by
// x to the power (i-1) being powers of x (x is denoted as {02}) in the field GF(2^8)
static const uint8_t RCON[11] = 
    { 0x8d, 0x01, 0x02, 0x04, 0x08, 0x10, 0x20, 0x40, 0x80, 0x1b, 0x36 };

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  INTERNAL FUNCTIONS
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  KeyExpansion
//
//  This function produces Nb(Nr+1) round keys. The round keys are used in each
//  round to decrypt the states.
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
static
void
    KeyExpansion
    (
        uint8_t const*  Key,                // [in]
        AesContext*     Context             // [in out]
    )
{
    uint32_t    i;
    uint8_t     k;
    uint8_t     temp [4];   // Used for the column/row operations

    // The first round key is the key itself.
    for( i=0; iKeySizeInWords; i++ )
    {
        Context->RoundKey[(i * 4) + 0] = Key[(i * 4) + 0];
        Context->RoundKey[(i * 4) + 1] = Key[(i * 4) + 1];
        Context->RoundKey[(i * 4) + 2] = Key[(i * 4) + 2];
        Context->RoundKey[(i * 4) + 3] = Key[(i * 4) + 3];
    }

    // All other round keys are found from the previous round keys.
    for( i=Context->KeySizeInWords; i<4*(Context->NumberOfRounds+1); i++ )
    {
        #ifdef _MSC_VER
            // Visual Studio code analysis complains about the following code 
            // that the index into Context->RoundKey may be -4. This is because
            // it is concerned that 'i' may be zero. However we know that 'i'
            // will not be zero as it starts at Context->KeySizeInWords which
            // is never going to be zero when this function is called (It will
            // have one of 3 values assigned to it by the initialise functions).
            // So we need to just suppress the warning here to stop Visual
            // Studio complaining.
            #pragma warning( suppress : 6385 )
        #endif
        temp[0] = Context->RoundKey[(i-1) * 4 + 0];
        temp[1] = Context->RoundKey[(i-1) * 4 + 1];
        temp[2] = Context->RoundKey[(i-1) * 4 + 2];
        temp[3] = Context->RoundKey[(i-1) * 4 + 3];

        if( 0 == i % Context->KeySizeInWords )
        {
            // This function shifts the 4 bytes in a word to the left once.
            // [a0,a1,a2,a3] becomes [a1,a2,a3,a0]
            k = temp[0];
            temp[0] = temp[1];
            temp[1] = temp[2];
            temp[2] = temp[3];
            temp[3] = k;

            // SubWord is a function that takes a four-byte input word and
            // applies the S-box to each of the four bytes to produce an output
            // word.
            temp[0] = SBOX[temp[0]];
            temp[1] = SBOX[temp[1]];
            temp[2] = SBOX[temp[2]];
            temp[3] = SBOX[temp[3]];

            temp[0] =  temp[0] ^ RCON[i/Context->KeySizeInWords];
        }

        if( AES_KEY_SIZE_256/4 == Context->KeySizeInWords )
        {
            // Only performed with 256 bit sized keys
            if( 4 == i % Context->KeySizeInWords )
            {
                // Function Subword()
                temp[0] = SBOX[temp[0]];
                temp[1] = SBOX[temp[1]];
                temp[2] = SBOX[temp[2]];
                temp[3] = SBOX[temp[3]];
            }
        }

        Context->RoundKey[i*4 + 0] =
            Context->RoundKey[(i-Context->KeySizeInWords)*4 + 0] ^ temp[0];
        Context->RoundKey[i*4 + 1] =
            Context->RoundKey[(i-Context->KeySizeInWords)*4 + 1] ^ temp[1];
        Context->RoundKey[i*4 + 2] =
            Context->RoundKey[(i-Context->KeySizeInWords)*4 + 2] ^ temp[2];
        Context->RoundKey[i*4 + 3] =
            Context->RoundKey[(i-Context->KeySizeInWords)*4 + 3] ^ temp[3];
    }
}

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  AddRoundKey
//
//  This function adds the round key to state. The round key is added to the
//  state by an XOR function.
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
static
void
    AddRoundKey
    (
        uint32_t            Round,          // [in]
        AesContext const*   Context,        // [in]
        AesState*           State           // [in out]
    )
{
    uint32_t  i;
    uint32_t  j;

    for( i=0; i<4; i++ )
    {
        for( j=0; j<4; j++ )         {             State->state[i][j] ^= Context->RoundKey[(Round*4*4) + (i*4) + j];
        }
    }
}

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  SubBytes
//
//  The SubBytes Function Substitutes the values in the state matrix with
//  values in an S-box.
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
static
void
    SubBytes
    (
        AesState*       State               // [in out]
    )
{
    uint32_t i;
    uint32_t j;

    for( i=0; i<4; i++ )
    {
        for( j=0; j<4; j++ )         {             State->state[j][i] = SBOX[ State->state[j][i] ];
        }
    }
}

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  ShiftRows
//
//  The ShiftRows() function shifts the rows in the state to the left. Each row
//  is shifted with different offset.
//  Offset = Row number. So the first row is not shifted.
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
static
void
    ShiftRows
    (
        AesState*     State                 // [in out]
    )
{
    uint8_t temp;

    // Rotate first row 1 columns to left
    temp           = State->state[0][1];
    State->state[0][1] = State->state[1][1];
    State->state[1][1] = State->state[2][1];
    State->state[2][1] = State->state[3][1];
    State->state[3][1] = temp;

    // Rotate second row 2 columns to left
    temp           = State->state[0][2];
    State->state[0][2] = State->state[2][2];
    State->state[2][2] = temp;

    temp           = State->state[1][2];
    State->state[1][2] = State->state[3][2];
    State->state[3][2] = temp;

    // Rotate third row 3 columns to left
    temp           = State->state[0][3];
    State->state[0][3] = State->state[3][3];
    State->state[3][3] = State->state[2][3];
    State->state[2][3] = State->state[1][3];
    State->state[1][3] = temp;
}

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  xtime
//
//  Performs a calculation
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
static
uint8_t
    xtime
    (
        uint8_t     x                       // [in]
    )
{
    return (x<<1) ^ ( ((x>>7) & 1) * 0x1b );
}

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  MixColumns
//
//  MixColumns function mixes the columns of the state matrix
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
static
void
    MixColumns
    (
        AesState*     State                 // [in out]
    )
{
    uint32_t  i;
    uint8_t   Tmp;
    uint8_t   Tm;
    uint8_t   t;

    for( i=0; i<4; i++ )     {         t   = State->state[i][0];
        Tmp = State->state[i][0] ^ State->state[i][1] ^ State->state[i][2]
            ^ State->state[i][3] ;
        Tm  = State->state[i][0] ^ State->state[i][1] ; Tm = xtime(Tm);
        State->state[i][0] ^= Tm ^ Tmp ;
        Tm  = State->state[i][1] ^ State->state[i][2] ; Tm = xtime(Tm);
        State->state[i][1] ^= Tm ^ Tmp ;
        Tm  = State->state[i][2] ^ State->state[i][3] ; Tm = xtime(Tm);
        State->state[i][2] ^= Tm ^ Tmp ;
        Tm  = State->state[i][3] ^ t ;              Tm = xtime(Tm);
        State->state[i][3] ^= Tm ^ Tmp ;
    }
}

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  Multiply
//
//  Multiply is used to multiply numbers in the field GF(2^8). This is defined
//  as a macro.
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
#define Multiply(x, y)                                \
      (  ((y & 1) * x) ^                              \
      ((y>>1 & 1) * xtime(x)) ^                       \
      ((y>>2 & 1) * xtime(xtime(x))) ^                \
      ((y>>3 & 1) * xtime(xtime(xtime(x)))) ^         \
      ((y>>4 & 1) * xtime(xtime(xtime(xtime(x))))))   \

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  InvMixColumns
//
//  InvMixColumns function mixes the columns of the state matrix.
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
static
void
    InvMixColumns
    (
        AesState*     State                 // [in out]
    )
{
    uint32_t    i;
    uint8_t     a;
    uint8_t     b;
    uint8_t     c;
    uint8_t     d;

    for( i=0; i<4; i++ )     {         a = State->state[i][0];
        b = State->state[i][1];
        c = State->state[i][2];
        d = State->state[i][3];

        State->state[i][0] = Multiply(a, 0x0e) ^ Multiply(b, 0x0b) 
                           ^ Multiply(c, 0x0d) ^ Multiply(d, 0x09);
        State->state[i][1] = Multiply(a, 0x09) ^ Multiply(b, 0x0e) 
                           ^ Multiply(c, 0x0b) ^ Multiply(d, 0x0d);
        State->state[i][2] = Multiply(a, 0x0d) ^ Multiply(b, 0x09) 
                           ^ Multiply(c, 0x0e) ^ Multiply(d, 0x0b);
        State->state[i][3] = Multiply(a, 0x0b) ^ Multiply(b, 0x0d) 
                           ^ Multiply(c, 0x09) ^ Multiply(d, 0x0e);
    }
}

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  InvSubBytes
//
//  The InvSubBytes Function Substitutes the values in the state matrix with
//  values in an S-box.
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
static
void
    InvSubBytes
    (
        AesState*     State                 // [in out]
    )
{
    uint32_t  i;
    uint32_t  j;

    for( i=0; i<4; i++ )
    {
        for( j=0; j<4; j++ )         
        {
             State->state[j][i] = RSBOX[ State->state[j][i] ];
        }
    }
}

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  InvShiftRows
//
//  Inverse of ShiftRows
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
static
void
    InvShiftRows
    (
        AesState*     State                 // [in out]
    )
{
    uint8_t temp;

    // Rotate first row 1 columns to right
    temp = State->state[3][1];
    State->state[3][1] = State->state[2][1];
    State->state[2][1] = State->state[1][1];
    State->state[1][1] = State->state[0][1];
    State->state[0][1] = temp;

    // Rotate second row 2 columns to right
    temp = State->state[0][2];
    State->state[0][2] = State->state[2][2];
    State->state[2][2] = temp;

    temp = State->state[1][2];
    State->state[1][2] = State->state[3][2];
    State->state[3][2] = temp;

    // Rotate third row 3 columns to right
    temp = State->state[0][3];
    State->state[0][3] = State->state[1][3];
    State->state[1][3] = State->state[2][3];
    State->state[2][3] = State->state[3][3];
    State->state[3][3] = temp;
}

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  EXPORTED FUNCTIONS
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  AesInitialise128
//
//  Initialises an AesContext with a 128 bit key.
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
void
    AesInitialise128
    (
        uint8_t const   Key [AES_KEY_SIZE_128],         // [in]
        AesContext*     Context                         // [out]
    )
{
    memset( Context, 0, sizeof(*Context) );

    Context->KeySizeInWords = AES_KEY_SIZE_128 / sizeof(uint32_t);
    Context->NumberOfRounds = 10;

    KeyExpansion( Key, Context );
}

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  AesInitialise192
//
//  Initialises an AesContext with a 192 bit key.
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
void
    AesInitialise192
    (
        uint8_t const   Key [AES_KEY_SIZE_192],         // [in]
        AesContext*     Context                         // [out]
    )
{
    memset( Context, 0, sizeof(*Context) );

    Context->KeySizeInWords = AES_KEY_SIZE_192 / sizeof(uint32_t);
    Context->NumberOfRounds = 12;

    KeyExpansion( Key, Context );
}

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  AesInitialise256
//
//  Initialises an AesContext with a 256 bit key.
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
void
    AesInitialise256
    (
        uint8_t const   Key [AES_KEY_SIZE_256],         // [in]
        AesContext*     Context                         // [out]
    )
{
    memset( Context, 0, sizeof(*Context) );

    Context->KeySizeInWords = AES_KEY_SIZE_256 / sizeof(uint32_t);
    Context->NumberOfRounds = 14;

    KeyExpansion( Key, Context );
}

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  AesEncrypt
//
//  Performs an AES encryption of one block (128 bits) with the AesContext
//  initialised with one of the functions AesInitialise[n]. Input and Output can
//  point to same memory location, however it is more efficient to use
//  AesEncryptInPlace in this situation.
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
void
    AesEncrypt
    (
        AesContext const*   Context,                    // [in]
        uint8_t const       Input [AES_BLOCK_SIZE],     // [in]
        uint8_t             Output [AES_BLOCK_SIZE]     // [out]
    )
{
    memcpy( Output, Input, AES_BLOCK_SIZE );
    AesEncryptInPlace( Context, Output );
}

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  AesDecrypt
//
//  Performs an AES decryption of one block (128 bits) with the AesContext 
//  initialised with one of the functions AesInitialise[n]. Input and Output can 
//  point to same memory location, however it is more efficient to use
//  AesDecryptInPlace in this situation.
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
void
    AesDecrypt
    (
        AesContext const*   Context,                    // [in]
        uint8_t const       Input [AES_BLOCK_SIZE],     // [in]
        uint8_t             Output [AES_BLOCK_SIZE]     // [out]
    )
{
    memcpy( Output, Input, AES_BLOCK_SIZE);
    AesDecryptInPlace(Context, Output );
}

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  AesEncryptInPlace
//
//  Performs an AES encryption of one block (128 bits) with the AesContext
//  initialised with one of the functions AesInitialise[n]. The encryption is
//  performed in place.
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
void
    AesEncryptInPlace
    (
        AesContext const*   Context,                    // [in]
        uint8_t             Block [AES_BLOCK_SIZE]      // [in out]
    )
{
    uint32_t round = 0;

    // Add the First round key to the state before starting the rounds.
    AddRoundKey( 0, Context, (AesState*)Block );

    // There will be Nr rounds.
    // The first Nr-1 rounds are identical.
    // These Nr-1 rounds are executed in the loop below.
    for( round=1; roundNumberOfRounds; round++ )
    {
        SubBytes( (AesState*)Block );
        ShiftRows( (AesState*)Block );
        MixColumns( (AesState*)Block );
        AddRoundKey( round, Context, (AesState*)Block );
    }

    // The last round is given below.
    // The MixColumns function is not here in the last round.
    SubBytes( (AesState*)Block);
    ShiftRows( (AesState*)Block);
    AddRoundKey( Context->NumberOfRounds, Context, (AesState*)Block );
}

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  AesDecryptInPlace
//
//  Performs an AES decryption of one block (128 bits) with the AesContext
//  initialised with one of the functions AesInitialise[n]. The decryption is
//  performed in place.
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
void
    AesDecryptInPlace
    (
        AesContext const*   Context,                    // [in]
        uint8_t             Block [AES_BLOCK_SIZE]      // [in out]
    )
{
    uint32_t round = 0;

    // Add the First round key to the state before starting the rounds.
    AddRoundKey( Context->NumberOfRounds, Context, (AesState*)Block );

    // The first NumberOfRounds-1 rounds are identical.
    for( round=(Context->NumberOfRounds-1); round>0; round-- )
    {
        InvShiftRows( (AesState*)Block );
        InvSubBytes( (AesState*)Block );
        AddRoundKey( round, Context, (AesState*)Block );
        InvMixColumns( (AesState*)Block );
    }

    // The MixColumns function is not here in the last round.
    InvShiftRows( (AesState*)Block );
    InvSubBytes( (AesState*)Block );
    AddRoundKey( 0, Context, (AesState*)Block );
}
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